The Dir (Somali: Diir, Arabic: دير) is a Somali clan whose members live mostly in northern, southern and central Somalia, as well as Djibouti and the Ogaden.
The main subclans of the Dir are Gadabuursi, Suure (Cabdalle and Qubeys), Akisho, Biyomaal, Gurgure, and Gadsan. The Northern branch of the Dir are the Gadabuursi Hiniftire Mahe Dir who are closely related to them.
The Issa madoobe Dir, leave in Djibouti,the north of Somalia and Ethiopia.They are the son of Dir Irir Samaale who is the brother of Hawiye Irir Samaale, and all the Dir clan. Irir have over 15 sub-clans which makes him in the region one of the largest clans. Moreover, Dir clans have a relationship with the Darod clan. Dir Irir, the founding father of the clan gave his daughter in marriage to Darod the founding father of Darod.
2 Geographical distribution of the Dir clans
2.1 Madahweyn in Ethiopia
2.2 Surre in Bari and Mudug
2.3 Biyomaal in Southern Somalia
2.4 Gaadsan in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya
2.5 Gurgure Dir in Dire Dawa
3 Dir clans and Political groups
4 Dir sub-clans
4.1 Mandaluug Dir
4.2 Issa Dir
4.3 Mahe Dir
4.4 Maxamed Gutaale (Habar deel)
4.5 Abdalle (Gutaale)
4.6 Abdi Abdalle
4.7 Nacadoor (Mohamed Abdalle Guutale)
4.9 Sulayman Abdalle
6 Tolweyne Qubeys
7 Reertoonle Qubeys
The Southern and northern Dir groups claim direct descent from Irir Samaale. According to the Hawiye and Dir clan histories, Dir had four sons named:
According to others Dir had a fifth son named
The Northern Dir consist of Isaaq/Gadabuursi Mehe Dir, and Issa Madoobe Dir. The Southern Dir and Western Dir of Ethiopia number over eleven clans who mostly come from the Madahweyn Dir or Mehe Dir.
 Geographical distribution of the Dir clans
 Madahweyn in Ethiopia
The Dir in Ethiopia are represented by the Madahweyn Dir. The madahweyn consists of : Gariir, Gurgure, Guure, Layiile, and Akisho. Other Dir clans in Ethiopia are: Issa, Jaarso, Garre-Quranyow Maxamed, Gadabuursi, Gadsan, Fiqi Muhumand, Qubey's(Fiqi Yahye and Fiqi Cumar),Agoon-Fiqi Khayre, Mandaluulg,Layiile, Guure, Baajimaal, Jiido and Wardaai.
Most of the Dir clans in Ethiopia live in the Dira Dhabe area, Jijiga region, and by the Awash River. The rest of the Ethiopian Dir clans live in southern parts near the Somali border near Dollo Ado and as far as Guure Dhamoole and Negele Boran.
 Surre in Bari and Mudug
In the Bari and Mudug region of Somalia and all the way to Hiiraan region is another cluster of Dir clans known as the Surre. The Suure have been associated with spreading the Islamic faith in Somalia and the Qadiriya Sufi tariiqa in southern Somalia. The Suure are among the most influential Dir groups in Southern Somalia, and their territories include large areas of the Mudug and Galguduud regions. Also the Suure have founded major trade cities in the Hiiran area including Alaabay and Kamhanley.
The majority of western scholars (both Italian and British) simply referred to the Surre as the "Dir of central Somalia" without differentiating them, but recent studies in Somalia reveal that the majority of the Dir in Hiiran, Gedo, Jubba and Bakool are divided into two branches, the Qubeyes and Abdalles, both descendants of Surre.
 Biyomaal in Southern Somalia
Other branches of the Dir include the ancient Biyomaal Clan who occupy an area from 35 km south of Mogadishu all the way down to Jilib and Kismaayo, not far from border with Kenya. The Biyomaal of Marka fought against the Italian colonial rulers of Southern Somalia in a twenty-year war known as the Biyomaal Revolt, in which the Dir assassinated several Italian governors.
Fiqicilmi is one of the main subclans of Biyomaal. The Fiqicilmi live in Somalia, Ethiopia's Somali Region (or Kilil 5) and Kenya.
 Gaadsan in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya
Gaadsan (Subclan of Biimaal) is one of the largest tribes of the Dir. They mainly reside in three countries: Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. In Ethiopia, Gaadsan clan reside in three districts: the Liban district (Jarrati, Waladaya, Doolow and Guuredhamole), Godey district (Iimey and Boola), and Gashamo district (Nusdariiq, Marsin, Kabtinuur and Qabridhare). Gaadsan Somalia mainly settle Bakool, Gedo region and lower Jubba region. In Kenya there is a third division of Gaadsan, known as Gaadsan-Kenya, the brother of Wardey Clan (subclan of Madaxweyne Dir). Both Gadsan and Wardey settle the largest and wealthiest land of Somali Kenya such as Bangal, Garseeni, Hoolla and many more cities.
 Gurgure Dir in Dire Dawa
The Gurgure Dir (a sub-clan of the Madahweyn) inhabit the city of Dire Dawa, which is also inhabited by the Madoobe Dir Issas. The first to arrive were the Gurguras who named the city Dira Dhawe, or "the place that Dir conquered or hit with his spear". Finally, the Issas and other Somali groups followed into the region and the Christian Amharas referred the region to as "Gurgura-na Issa Awrajja" (Ge'ez: ጉርጉራና ኢሳ አውራጃ) or the Awrajja of the Gurguras and the Issas.
 Dir clans and Political groups
Political groups associated with the Dir clans include the following groups in Somalia and Ethiopia:
Issas and Gurgure Liberation Front (IGF) of Ethiopia.
Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA) of the Gadabursi Dir clan.
Southern Somali National Movement (SSNM) of the mostly Mohamed Xiniftire Dir Clans (Bimaal, Mandaluug, and Gadsan) of Jubba, Gedo, Bardheere, and Shabeellaha Hoose region.
Democratic Liberation Front (DLF) supported Central Somalia Dir groups.
 Dir sub-clans
 Mandaluug Dir
Celi Mandaluk (or Mandaluug), Garxejis Mandaluk (Hebr-Yonis and Ciida-Gale) and Saciid Dauud Celi Mandaluk Dir Iriir.
Samaroon Saciid, Jibraacin (Malaku-Jibriil) Saciid, Celi Saciid
Makadoor Samaroon, Aydoor Samaroon, Subeer Samaroon, Banii-Cafaan Samaroon, Yeefis Samaroon, Ciise Samaroon and Makadoor ( He who visited Mecca), Maxaad Makadoor, Makaahiil & Mahamed Ase.
Mohamed Ase (Bahabar Eli, Bahabar Muso, Bahabar Abokor And Bahabar Aden)
Bahabar Mouse are Reer Mohamed, Aden, Reer Osman (Abrayn)And Maris .
 Issa Dir
Howlgati and Walaaldoon (Makahir, Mahamuud, Iidleh)
Uurweeyne (Fiqi and Abdalle)
Hooroone (Habar Walaal and Geelwalaal)
Howleh, Fuurlabe (Mahdle, Saaib)
Ceeleeye (Muuse, mamasan)
 Mahe Dir
Isaaq (Garxajis, H.Awal, Arab, and Tol Jecle)
Biyomaal (Dawood, Saad, Ismiin and Suleyman)
Gaadsan, Reera-Same, Adan Yoonis, Maxaad, DHuxul, Da, uud, samatar, faarax, rooble and allaale, Cumar Abokor, Cumarjamac, Tagaleen,(ugaar, aadan maxamuud, dhaaweed, Odeymarke.)
Fiqicilmi, madaluug, Naleeye, Fiqinuur, Cumar-maxamud, Fiqicigal, Reer-ismail, Reer-qaasin, and Reer-sacdi
 Maxamed Gutaale (Habar deel)
Samater Naaleeye and Maxamud Naaleeye.
 Abdalle (Gutaale)
 Abdi Abdalle
Fiqi Muxumed, Cumar Fiqi, Mohamuud Fiqi, Muuse Fiqi, reer oow Mumin, Fiqi Ahmed, reer macalin farax, reer ow cadow,(Plus 10 more sub-clans)
Reer Hogar, Laxmar
 Nacadoor (Mohamed Abdalle Guutale)
Guuled, Xaraan, Ciise, Qotonsay, Cirday, Giir, and Kaahin
Samkaab, Faahiye and others
 Sulayman Abdalle
Muusa, Samatar Muusa, Reer Dabac, Reer Bayr & Agoon (Guuled Agoon, Warsame Agoon, Cigaal Agoon, Jalaf Agoon)
Dabac, Fiqi Khayre, and Naaleeye Cumar(Lafjoogsato)
Haarun Muusa, Siyaad Muusa, Cabas Muusa, and Food Cade Muusa, cumar Muuse, sacad cumar.
 Tolweyne Qubeys
Faqi Cumar, Reroow Caalin, Yabarcade Faqi Cumar and Fiqi Walaal (Aw-caalin, Xaaji Cabdalle)
Samafale, Maxamud weyne, Aw-Cisman, Maxamud Yare and Xassan Faqi Cumar
Rooble Cismaan (Faarax, Weheliye, Maxamed) and Aw-Macalin (Macalin Muxumed, Macalin Yusuf, Sheekh Cali, Macalin Macow).
Heeraar and Fiqi Yaxye, Caalin Mooge and Maxamed Abtiudug, Axadoobe Qubeys, Cismaan Diidshe (Cismaan Iyiinta) and Cabdalle Diidshe (Cabaas Iyiinta).
Yabadhaale Qubeys: (1) Wayaagle: Yabarow, Xasan, Cumar, Xeefoow, Faarax, Maxamuud, Dhaayoow. 2) Miidkasse: 2.1 Madoobe: Jibril, Cufaa. Cufaa: reer ow faarax barkaan: Axmed faarax and Afrax faarax. Axmed faarax: Saalax Axmed, Raage Axmed,Guuleed Axmed. Saalax Axmed: reer Cumar Muudeey, reer Maalin Waasuge.